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Example: Railway Bridges

The Danube is the second-longest river in Europe, flowing from the Black Forest to the Black Sea. What if we wanted to find all the railway bridges that cross it — but only those in the German state of Bavaria?

This example demonstrates how to combine multiple filters to precisely select the features you want.

import geodesk

features = geodesk.Features("europe.gol")

bavaria = features(

danube = features("r[waterway=river][name:en=Danube]").one

rail_bridges = features("w[railway][bridge]")
    "rail-crossings", color="red", weight=8, opacity=0.5).show()


  • Administrative areas (such as countries and states) in OpenStreetMap form a hierarchy. The meaning of admin_level varies between countries, but typically follows this scheme:

    4state or region
    6county (U.S.), département (France), landkreis (Germany), provincia (Italy)
    10Village or suburb
  • While most water courses are mapped as simple ways (which you can retrieve with w[waterway]), larger rivers are typically represented using relations (r)